What is the Electoral College?


 

The Electoral College is the process by which our President and Vice President get chosen. The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. Electors are chosen at their state party conventions. Electors are usually selected as recognition of their dedication for their political party. A majority of 270 electoral votes is required to be elected the President. Your state’s entitled allotment of electors equals the number of members in its Congressional delegation: one for each member in the House of Representatives plus two for your Senators. Each state’s, except Maine and Nebraska, winning candidate is awarded all the state’s electoral votes.

The Electoral College was created for two reasons. First, our founding fathers wanted to give states with smaller populations an equal representation and to avoid tyranny of the majority. There are critics to the use of the electoral process. An electoral map shows each state’s electoral votes. The electoral process allows for a candidate to have won a national popular vote but lose to the electoral.

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